Blue Mountains, Australia, History

Info Blue Mountains History Plaza
The Western Wall
3 Sisters, Blue Mountains, Australia.
History of road & rail routes down the western escarpment




William Cox
Original road across Mountains, 1815.
Cox's Pass, Mt York down to Hartley Vale. 1815-23.
Lawson's Long Alley, Lt. William Lawson, supersedes Cox's Pass, 1824.
Bell's Line of Road, Archibold Bell, Richmond to Hartley via Bell.
Hamilton Hume's Line of Road, west from Bell, 1827.
Lockyer's Line of Rd, west from Mt York. 1829. Not completed.
Victoria Pass, Maj. Thomas Mitchell, 1832.
Berghofer's Pass 1912-35.
Sir Thomas Brisbane - proposed road.


Zig-Zag, John Whitton, 1869.
Hartley Vale tramlines & incline
Ten Tunnels
Replaced Zig-Zag in 1910.
Wolgan Valley Railway - Henry Deane
Map, West Escarpment, Blue Mountains, Australia
More Information

Hartley Vale | Victoria Pass | Zig-Zag



Did You Know?

The Lett River, originally River Lett, got it's name as a result of an explorer not knowing how to spell  'rivulet'.

The Great Western Highway follows Cox's route to the Mt York turn-off, then Mitchell's route, and finally Brisbane's route.

Comit Inn, a rest stop at the base of Mt York, remains to this day.

Hartley Vale railway station (abandoned) is not in Hartley Vale, but on the ridge.

Bell railway station was originally called Mt Wilson.


Bushwalking & Trains

Cox's road is open to cars as far as the picnic area at the top of Mt York. Cox's, Lawson's, Lockyer's and Berghoffer's passes are open to bushwalkers.

The Zig-Zag is operated by historic steam trains and railcars. There are picnic facilities and walking tracks.

CityRail trains run from Sydney to Lithgow at regular intervals.

Glow Worm Tunnel, on the Wolgan Valley Railway, makes an interesting excursion.


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